Component 19: Damage costs of GHG emissions


The component encompasses the annual external damage costs due to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These include emissions of carbon dioxide (CO₂), methane (CH₄), nitrous oxide (N₂O),  hydrofluorocarbons (HFWK), perfluorohydrocarbons (PFKW) and sulphur hexafluoride  (SF₆) as listed in the Kyoto protocol. They are converted into CO₂ equivalents (in prices of 2010).

Effect on the NWI:

Description and meaning of the component

The present ways of production and living especially in industrialized countries causes GHG emissions on a large scale (primarily through the combustion of fossil fuels but also through factory farming, for example) that are absorbed by the atmosphere.


Development of the component

Damage costs of GHG emissions

(in prices of 2010)

billion Euro

source: Umweltbundesamt, graphic account by FEST/FFU